Max Dorfman, Analysis Author, Triple-I
Leisure marijuana use is related to vehicle crash traits, in accordance with a paper revealed within the Journal of Research on Alcohol and Medication. Nonetheless, the research additionally famous that retail marijuana gross sales aren’t solely accountable for the final rise in accidents.
Legalization of leisure marijuana use was correlated to a 6.5 % progress within the price of crashes involving accidents and a 2.3 % rise in these involving fatalities. With legalization and retail gross sales, the research discovered that the full affect was a 5.8 % rise in harm crash charges and a 4.1 % improve in deadly crash charges.
However these outcomes had been inconsistent throughout states, with the consequences on harm crash charges various from a 7 % lower to an 18 % rise and deadly crash charges starting from a 4 % improve to a ten % decline. Colorado skilled the largest rise in harm crash charges after legalization and retail gross sales, coming in at 17.8 %. Nevada skilled the most important decline in deadly crashes, at 9.8 %.
“Legalization removes the stigma of marijuana use, whereas the onset of retail gross sales merely will increase entry,” mentioned lead researcher Charles M. Farmer of the Insurance coverage Institute for Freeway Security. “However entry to marijuana isn’t tough, even in locations with out retail gross sales. Customers who beforehand averted driving excessive could really feel that it’s okay after legalization.”
Farmer added, “Research in search of a direct causal hyperlink between marijuana use and crash threat have been inconclusive.” Not like with alcohol, no goal measure but exists for the way impaired a marijuana consumer has turn into.
As Triple-I notes, most research discover that marijuana use outcomes in impaired coordination, reminiscence, associative studying, consideration, cognitive flexibility, and response time. Though it’s clear from this analysis that driving capability is diminished, the extent of impairment continues to be studied.
Youthful drivers are at greater threat of site visitors accidents than older drivers, with youthful male drivers at excessive threat. Early proof signifies that youthful male drivers are most probably to drive underneath the affect of marijuana.
One other research, within the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, suggests power, heavy use of leisure marijuana impairs driving abilities, even when the driving force shouldn’t be excessive, with those that began commonly utilizing marijuana earlier than 16 years outdated displaying the worst outcomes.
These outcomes display that the consequences of marijuana fluctuate extensively throughout demographic teams, making it all of the extra essential for everybody to be cautious when utilizing the drug.